AskDefine | Define abandon

Dictionary Definition

abandon

Noun

1 the trait of lacking restraint or control; freedom from inhibition or worry; "she danced with abandon" [syn: wantonness, unconstraint]
2 a feeling of extreme emotional intensity; "the wildness of his anger" [syn: wildness]

Verb

1 forsake, leave behind; "We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot"
2 stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas, claims, etc.; "He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage"; "Both sides have to give up some calims in these negociations" [syn: give up]
3 give up with the intent of never claiming again; "Abandon your life to God"; "She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti"; "We gave the drowning victim up for dead" [syn: give up]
4 leave behind empty; move out of; "You must vacate your office by tonight" [syn: vacate, empty]
5 leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch; "The mother deserted her children" [syn: forsake, desolate, desert]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) /əˈbændən/

Etymology 1

From abandoner, formed from à + bandon ‘jurisdiction, control’, from bannum ‘proclamation’, from Frankish *ban, from *bannan ‘proclaim, command’ ( > English ban), from Proto-Indo-European *bha- ‘to speak’.

Verb

  1. To give up control of, to surrender.
    • Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned. — I. Taylor
  2. To leave behind, to desert.
    Many baby girls have been abandoned on the streets of Beijing everyday.
  3. In the context of "transitive|obsolete": To cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject.
    • 1594: Being all this time abandoned from your bed. — Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, I-ii
  4. To relinquish a claim to property to underwriters.
Translations
to give up
to leave behind or desert
to cast out
to relinquish a claim to property

Noun

  1. A complete giving up to natural impulses; freedom from artificial constraint; careless freedom or ease.
Like a young child, he started rummaging through that with reckless abandon.
"[[w:I Am Legend (2007 film)|They needed to have an abandon in their performance that you just can’t get out of people in the middle of the night when they’re barefoot.]]"
a giving up to natural impulses

Shorthand

Versions Anniversary, Pre-Anniversary: a - b - a - nd

French

Pronunciation

Noun

abandon

Romanian

Etymology

abandon.

Extensive Definition

The term abandonment has a multitude of uses, legal and extra-legal. This "signpost article" provides a guide to the various legal and quasi-legal uses of the word and includes links to articles that deal with each of the distinct concepts at greater length.
Abandonment, in law, is the relinquishment or renunciation of an interest, claim, privilege, possession or right, especially with the intent of never again resuming or reasserting it. Such intentional action may take the form of a discontinuance or a waiver. This broad meaning has a number of applications in different branches of law.
In common law jurisdictions, both common law abandonment and statutory abandonment of property may be recognized. Common law abandonment may be generally defined as "the relinquishment of a right [in property] by the owner thereof without any regard to future possession by himself or any other person, and with the intention to foresake or desert the right...." Common law abandonment is "the voluntary relinquishment of a thing by its owner with the intention of terminating his ownership, and without [the intention of] vesting ownership in any other person; the giving up of a thing absolutely, without reference to any particular person or purpose...." (emphasis added) [footnotes and citations omitted]. An example of statutory abandonment in a common law jurisdiction is abandonment by a bankruptcy trustee under ). In Scots law, failure to assert a legal right in a way that implies abandonment of it is called taciturnity.
  • In respect of property, intentional abandonment is also referred to as dereliction, and something voluntarily abandoned by its owner with the intention of not retaking it is a derelict. Someone that holds or claims abandoned property is an abandonee. A piece of abandoned land is a relinquishment. A res nullius abandoned by its owner, leaving it vacant, belongs to no one. Occupying an abandoned empty house without permission is squatting.
  • Abandonment of an easement is the relinquishment by a nonuser, for a specified period, of some accommodation or right in another's land, such as right of way or free access of light and air.
  • Abandonment of domicile occurs when one ceases to reside permanently in a former domicile, coupled with the intention of choosing a new domicile. The presumptions which will guide the court in deciding whether a former domicile has been abandoned or not must be inferred from the facts of each case. In the United States, a tenant is generally understood to have abandoned a property if he or she has fallen behind in rent and shown a lack of interest in continuing to live there. The landlord must then send notice of the intent to sell the property and wait a certain number of days to take action on it. How long the landlord has to wait depends on the value of the property. The landlord can keep the money up to the costs incurred as a result of the abandonment; the rest must be set aside for the former tenant, should she or he eventually return.
  • In regard to property insurance, abandonment occurs when the insured surrenders to the insurer all rights to damaged or lost property and claims payment for a total loss. Sometimes, this is permitted only when damage constitutes constructive total loss. In marine insurance parlance, abandonment involves the surrender of a ship or goods to the insurer, who becomes the abandonee. Abandonment can also mean refusal to accept from a delivering carrier a shipment so damaged in transit as to be worthless.
  • In the domain of copyright, abandonment is recognized as the explicit release of material by a copyright holder into the public domain. However, statutory abandonment is a relatively unclear area of copyright law and the more common approach is to license work under a scheme that provides for public use rather than strictly abandoning copyright. For more information consult "disclaimer of interest".
  • Abandonment of trademark is understood to happen when a trademark is not used for three or more years, or when it is deliberately discontinued; trademark law protects only trademarks being actively used and defended. An example of an abandoned trademark is aspirin, once a mark of the Bayer company, now considered a generic term.
  • In patent law, abandonment is relinquishment by an inventor of the right to secure a patent, in such a way as to constitute a dedication of the invention to public use.
  • In transport regulation, abandonment is permission sought by or granted to a carrier by a state or federal agency to cease operation of all or part of a route or service. Abandonment of railways has a legal signification in England recognized by statute, by authority of which the Board of Trade may, under certain circumstances, grant a warrant to a railway authorizing the abandonment of its line or part of it.
  • In family law, desertion refers to intentional and substantial abandonment, permanently or for a period of time stated by law, without legal excuse and without consent, of one's duties arising out of a status such as that of husband and wife or parent and child. It can involve desertion of a spouse with the intention of creating a permanent separation. Desertion of one spouse by the other without just cause is called malicious abandonment. Child abandonment is often recognized as a crime, in which case the child is usually not physically harmed directly as part of the abandonment; distinct from this is the widely recognized crime of infanticide. Child abandonment is also called exposure or exposition, especially when an infant is left in the open.
  • Abandonment of a patient, in medicine, occurs when a health care professional (usually a physician, nurse, dentist or paramedic) has already begun emergency treatment of a patient and then suddenly walks away while the patient is still in need, without securing the services of an adequate substitute or giving the patient adequate opportunity to find one. It is a crime in many countries and can result in the loss of one's license to practice. Also, because of the public policy in favor of keeping people alive, the professional cannot defend himself or herself by pointing to the patient's inability to pay for services; this opens the medical professional to the possibility of exposure to malpractice liability beyond one's insurance coverage.

See also

Notes

abandon in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Абандон
abandon in Danish: Abandon
abandon in German: Abandon
abandon in Estonian: Abandoon
abandon in Spanish: Abandono
abandon in Esperanto: Forlaso
abandon in Indonesian: Abandonemen
abandon in Italian: Abbandono (diritto)
abandon in Polish: Abandon
abandon in Russian: Абандон
abandon in Sicilian: Abbannunu
abandon in Ukrainian: Абандон

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abandonment, abjection, abjure, abort, abscond, acknowledge defeat, ardency, ardor, back out, beat a retreat, beg a truce, beg off, belay, boundlessness, bow out, break the habit, brush aside, brush off, cancel, capitulate, careless abandon, carelessness, cast, cast aside, cast away, cast off, casualness, cease, cede, chuck, come to terms, commitment, committedness, corruptedness, corruption, corruptness, craze, cry off, cry pax, cry quits, cursoriness, cut, cut it out, debasement, decadence, decadency, dedication, deep-six, degeneracy, degenerateness, degeneration, degradation, delirium, demoralization, depart from, depravation, depravedness, depravity, desert, desist, devotedness, devotion, devoutness, disappear, discard, discontinue, disgorge, dismiss, dispense with, dispose of, disregardfulness, dissoluteness, disuse, ditch, do without, drop, drop it, drop out, drop the subject, dump, earnestness, ease, easiness, ecstasy, egregiousness, eighty-six, eliminate, end, enormousness, evacuate, exaggeration, excess, excessiveness, exorbitance, exorbitancy, extravagance, extravagancy, extreme, extremes, extremism, extremity, exuberance, fabulousness, faith, faithfulness, fervency, fervidness, fervor, fidelity, fire, fire and fury, forget, forget about it, forget it, forgetfulness, forgo, forsake, forswear, freedom, frenzy, fun, furor, furore, fury, games, get along without, get quit of, get rid of, get shut of, giantism, gigantism, give away, give over, give up, gluttony, go back on, goldbrick, goof off, halt, hand over, hastiness, have done with, heartiness, heat, heatedness, heedlessness, hold, hyperbole, hypertrophy, hysteria, immoderacy, immoderateness, immoderation, impassionedness, implore mercy, impulsiveness, inconsiderateness, inconsideration, incontinence, indifference, indiscipline, inordinacy, inordinance, inordinateness, insouciance, intemperance, intemperateness, intensity, intentness, intoxication, irrepressibility, jettison, jilt, jump, junk, kick, kiss good-bye, knock it off, lack of foresight, laxity, laxness, lay aside, lay off, laziness, leave, leave behind, leave flat, leave loose ends, leave off, leave undone, let alone, let be, let dangle, let go, let it go, let slip, liberty, license, licentiousness, looseness, loyalty, madness, make a sacrifice, malinger, maroon, miss, monstrousness, moral pollution, moral turpitude, naturalness, nimiety, noncoercion, nonintimidation, oblivion, offhandedness, omit, orgasm, orgy, outrageousness, overdevelopment, overgreatness, overgrowth, overindulgence, overlargeness, overmuch, overmuchness, part with, pass over, pass up, passion, passionateness, perfunctoriness, permissiveness, play, pray for quarter, pretermit, procrastinate, profligacy, pull out, push aside, put aside, quit, quit cold, quitclaim, radicalism, rage, rapture, ravishment, recant, recklessness, refrain, regardlessness, reject, relinquish, remove, render up, renege, renounce, reprobacy, repudiate, resign, resolution, retire, retract, retreat, riotousness, rottenness, run out on, sacrifice, say goodbye to, say uncle, scrap, scrub, seriousness, set aside, shake, shirk, shrug off, sincerity, skip, slack, slough, sneeze at, spare, spirit, spontaneity, sport, sprezzatura, stand down, stay, stop, surrender, swear off, tactlessness, take leave of, take the pledge, tearing passion, terminate, think nothing of, thoughtlessness, throw away, throw off, throw out, throw over, throw overboard, throw up, thrust aside, too much, too-muchness, toss overboard, towering rage, transport, trifle, turn away from, turn up, turpitude, unconscionableness, unconstrained, unconstraint, uncontrol, undueness, unheedfulness, uninhibitedness, unmindfulness, unpreparedness, unreadiness, unreasonableness, unreserve, unrestrainedness, unrestraint, unruliness, unsolicitousness, unsolicitude, unstrictness, unthinkingness, vacate, vanish, vehemence, waive, wantonness, warmth, wildness, withdraw, yield, yield the palm, zeal
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